Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa

| febrero 29, 2012 | comentarios

En Sonora son tradicionales los festejos de la Semana Santa, en la cual participan personas jóvenes y adultas vistiéndose de fariseos, cubriéndose la cara con máscaras confeccionadas en la localidad con cueros de vaca, de cabra y de venado; para no ser reconocidos se comunican por medio de un pequeño silbato que colocan debajo de la lengua, el cual es fabricado con carrizo y carnaza de res. El Sábado de Gloria a las once de la mañana son azotados todos los fariseos en la iglesia, y así pagan por todas las ofensas hechas a Jesús.

En el tiempo de cuaresma los diferentes grupos yaquis establecidos en la ciudad de Hermosillo inician un movimiento desde la madrugada. Es tiempo de rezar y representar una vez más el ritual de la Pasión de Cristo.

Para enseñar la nueva religión a las tribus indias, los misioneros jesuitas del siglo XVII se apoyaron en representaciones teatrales, que resultaba más fácil para enseñar y para comprender los nuevos conceptos del Cristianismo, favorecía la participación de todo el grupo y era uno de los métodos didácticos que más utilizaba España en aquella época.

Aquellos que condenaron a Jesús están representados por los fariseos o ‘Chapayecas’ (‘nariz larga’ en yaqui). Visten con una cobija a modo de arnés como los soldados romanos, cinturón de cuero con colgantes de pezuña de puerco, tenabaris o cascabeles enrollados en las pantorrillas, en sus manos un cuchillo, una espada de madera y pintados en la poco piel que se asoma con colores simbólicos. Les cubre la cabeza una máscara hecha con cuero de animal y representando caras de judíos, reyes, animales, payasos, etc. Esta máscara representa el mal por lo que el fariseo se protege con un rosario de cuentas de madera e introduce la cruz en su boca y una pañoleta de flores bajo el cuero de la máscara .

Caminan en dos filas, de manera ordenada y a modo de formación militar, encabezados por sus autoridades (Pilatos, Cabos, Capitanes, etc.) El flautero y el del tambor suenan sus instrumentos en representación de los lamentos de la Virgen (flauta) y los martillazos al clavar manos y pies de Jesús (tambor).

Todos los días son importantes para la oración, el peregrinaje de la limosna y la disciplina, pero el viernes todavía es más importante por la realización de las procesiones llamadas ‘Contis’. El grupo de fariseos, precedidos por las autoridades religiosas y dirigidos por el grupo de cantoras que encabeza la procesión junto con las imágenes y conjunto de niños vestidos de angelitos y verónicas, van recorriendo las cruces que delimitan y marcan el espacio sagrado.

En cada cruz una parada, unos rezos y unos cantos. Son los mismos rezos y cantos que dejaron los misioneros jesuitas en el siglo XVII, por lo que muchos de esos cantos son recitados en latín. No importa que el significado no se entienda, lo importante es continuar la tradición para asegurar la supervivencia del grupo y del mundo en general.

El abanderado se encarga de ondear la bandera roja cada vez que el grupo inicia o detiene el movimiento. La procesión con las imágenes de las 3 Marías (María la Madre de Jesús, María Magdalena y María la esposa de Cleofás), las cantoras y los niños, va despacio avanzando hacia otra de las cruces clavadas en el suelo, los fariseos estudian el suelo por donde ha pasado la procesión. Con sus cuchillos y espadas de madera raspan el suelo, buscan alrededor de la cruz, chocan espadas, mueven negativamente sus cabezas cubiertas con las máscaras de cuero y enseguida se dirigen hacia el grupo de autoridades que preceden la procesión. Se detienen ante ellos, vuelven a chocar sus cuchillos y espadas y mueven sus caderas con el cinturón. Es un lenguaje simbólico dónde están comunicando a sus jefes que vieron las huellas de Jesús, ahí estaban en el suelo, pero a él lo buscaron y no lo encontraron. Las autoridades les hacen una seña y los fariseos se regresan a seguir buscando. Mientras tanto, el grupo con las Marías, crucifijos y niños, avanzan a otra cruz. Los fariseos buscarán y repetirán sus movimientos ante la cruz que dejaron vacía. Es una representación coordinada, exacta, donde cada parte conoce su papel y lo desempeña sin necesidad de palabras.

Al terminar la procesión, las imágenes se depositan sobre el pequeño altar de la Ramada y ahí todos juntos, niños, cantoras, chapayecas y autoridades, completan los rezos. El Conti ha terminado. Los fariseos realizan su triple marcha en doble fila para finalizar la jornada, la gente que acudió al Conti se despide y en la ramada de la cocina se inicia el trabajo para preparar la cena.

Todos los viernes de cuaresma se repite este ritual en las diferentes ramadas o familias, cada procesión con sus variantes según el tipo de viernes que se celebre. A medida que avanza la cuaresma se van uniendo más número de fariseos. Para la última semana ya se han juntado un buen número de ellos y comenzarán los intrincados rituales de la Semana Mayor o Semana Santa, después de la velación de San Ramos y de la bendición de las palmas.

Artículo publicado en el periódico El Imparcial, de la ciudad de Hermosillo, el viernes 25 de marzo de 2005

Tags: , , ,

Category: Inicio

Comentarios

  1. Trackback dice:

    I like your blog

    I’m a 17 year old male who has very good experience with Relationships, I have helped a lot of my friends get through situations and got everything back to normal. I want to start a website where people post any questions about their Relationship and…

  2. Trackback dice:

    Maybe…

    Other than blogger what are good blog sites teens can use?

  3. Trackback dice:

    Like it

    This would have to be a new blog. Something that you want to read about, but havent found online. This can be religious, fashion-based, etc. Im just getting some ideas for the blog i want to start- Thanks!.

  4. Trackback dice:

    Good info

    I have a great interest in computer and aircrafts, especially military aircrafts. I am planning to do computer engineering and be involved in the designing of military aircrafts (aircraft’s computer).. I need to know whether the US Air Force needs com…

  5. he did best. he stayed switched on

    at all times, especially in front of an audience. this is crucial to building a reputation.many people will tell you that being authentic and transparent is more important, but i guarantee you that the same people that say that will be

  6. my visitors will find that very useful

    you got a really useful blog. i have been here reading for about an hour. i am a newbie and your success is very much an inspiration for me. thanks for the reference, a friend and i are working on a

  7. other zones.native and non-native english speaking writers

    comparisonin result, much of the contents written by the so called native english speaking writers float over the heads of the reader or viewer and in addition; most of the times the grammar, punctuation, and spellings are too inferior in standard

  8. financiering dice:

    authors both past and present. students may

    also explore what it means to be a contemporary writer or artist, bringing elements of philosophy to the creative writing curriculum.of course, not every english major is a good creative writer. even those who find that their best writing occurs in

  9. if you are blogging about blogging you

    should have articles about blogging and blog related issue on your blog.there are lots of paid and free tools on the internet that can help you to find keywords and keyword phrases, you can use these tools to find keywords to

  10. you begin to settle into your new

    habit. you’ll even begin to miss writing when you skip a day.second, get your sleep, eat well, and exercise. these are fundamental aspects of being a good and productive writer, because when you are well rested, energized and enjoying life you

  11. a college experience. in addition, it is

    a fact that you cannot complete your degree without taking english composition, so take it early so that you can reap the benefits that it will provide as a foundation for writing in your other courses. your grades in other college

  12. a summary of all the previous work

    related to your area of study. this is to help the people reading your thesis to understand the background related to your research topic. much will be the same but there’ll also be differences so you can’t completely recycle the first

  13. to get some ideas on how you

    can write better too.in writing, you need to learn the skill and you need someone to teach it to you. get yourself in a writing class and learn from there. you will be able to get so many information about how

  14. a good blog, have fun, but remember,

    always respect others. on the other hand, it can imply that more competition since more players just began to compete with you in business. well, that is websites. when we start blogs, the numbers increase to a point that you simply

  15. guarantee 100% satisfaction to the employer through

    their professional and qualitative services; and • above all; the company should offer a guarantee of money back in case of failure to satisfy the buyer.following these steps one can land up with the best writing services for search engine optimiz…

  16. not? let your audience have a sneak

    peek. expand on a comment left on your blog. comments can spark great discussion and even better blog posts! give a tip list. just like this one. they are helpful and useful. do an interview. find an expert in your niche,

  17. to be a excellent conveying instrument.5. opinion

    article. the wonderful thing about blogging is that it makes it possible for a wide group of blog writers to let somebody in on their ideas and views about any subject matter that you can imagine. judgment posts are expected to

  18. be placed at the top of the

    search results in google, bing, yahoo, etc.add some keywordsone way to make your blog post index well, is too consider what keyword you are targeting and place it in the title. the keyword will be the word or phrase that visitors

  19. fifty languages, english thesaurus as well as

    a large number of professional templates of email and other documents. music adds color to our life. it does not only add color but describes various types of emotions. when we talk about music, songs are also there. songs are compositions

  20. love gurus dice:

    that big or not very popular. you

    can get cash instantly because they are paying through paypal.the next blog site is different from all the rest, in such a way that it determines and matches the advertisers’ offers into the profile. it is referred to as blogvertise. it

  21. all the information they need within 450-650

    words. surely you wouldn’t want your target audience to get tired of reading your blog and close your page. so make sure to get their attention from the very beginning of your post.3. make your headlines stand out. if you ever

  22. transunion dice:

    know how to write well.learn to open

    your mind to new things such as failure and defeat for you to be able to accept that there are things that you need to do perfect your skills.find a writer’s group near you and join them. this group will consist

  23. in your ability to communicate your thoughts

    to readers therefore as a blogger writing skills are important! thankfully these skills can be developed by anybody and here are 3 ways you too can improve your blog posting making your efforts easier while increasing reader enjoyment!practicethis can…

  24. strong skills in documented research writing, and

    they must practice editing and revision. students are supposed to learn how to write in elementary, middle, and high school, but not all students are adequately prepared to write a well organized, logical essay. for whatever reason, in many of today’s

  25. yourself sharing it, a process in twitterdom

    namely accomplished by re-tweeting (i.e., copying your original message and posting it through their own account). and the only way they’re going to do that is if they judge your content to be worthwhile–as in above the law, marked for death,

  26. their writers.it really is possible to make

    a living by being an online writer. the important thing is that you stay motivated and understand that it takes time and dedication on your part in order to be successful. you’re not going to become rich and it may even

  27. keep their interest. the video should run

    for around two minutes as people may become bored if it is over long. ensure that the picture and sound quality are both first class.as your video become popular it will climb up the youtube rankings and you will get even

  28. email: renee.arpin@gmail.com why should people write is

    a good question? but an equally important question is – if you write, why do it well? why not simply put the words down as quickly as possible and then be freed to do other things? actually, the question is broader

  29. site dice:

    tend to rank you higher in their

    results! remember if you use your words wisely, the free traffic you get will be highly focused on exactly what you have composed! use your primary keyword in your title and place your secondary keywords, sparingly and naturally, throughout the opening

  30. Home dice:

    the work’s prospects with the public. but

    i honestly don’t see the advantage of trying something dramatically different. after you have six books and a bestseller or two under your belt, write in invisible ink if you so desire, but i think it’s best at the nascent stage

  31. writing a blog since all authors ought

    to repeatedly append their individual feelings on a topic.6. interview. loads of blogs are made in order to build up a branded name in a specific professional niche. even if your webpage is primarily particularizing your person, your company or your

  32. reddit, and squidoo these sites offer content

    which other people have written and can give you ideas to help you with our own blog.8. re-submissions. do not submit a lens twice or copy and paste a blog from another blog site to get quick lens these will not

  33. down a job that undervalues your skills

    and capabilities. the competition may be tough but you can get a blogging opportunity that appreciates your time by compensating you properly. however, set your rate and expectations realistically. your starting point may be to charge lower than what o…

  34. will make your site look more professional

    and people will enjoy reading your content. the background should be appropriate and exciting, if you are writing about making money online add a picture of money or a cheque.4. structure, a well organised blog post is better and more fun

  35. their online marketing efforts. simply read and

    apply these super secrets for increasing blog popularity – if you can handle the traffic!!my 4 blogging secrets are legitimate, easy to understand and effective in drumming up web sales!these 4 tips are designed to help blog owners make a personal

  36. informacion dice:

    google+, twitter, and linkedin. don’t forget to

    provide something of value at the end of the trail. when people find your social page interesting and find valuable information or offer they are 4x more likely to share your page with their friends and associates.remember how and why you

  37. in college is familiarizing yourself with research

    guidelines and requirements. failing to adhere to college rules about properly citing your sources can be construed as plagiarism.during the course of your english composition class, try to internalize basic grammar and parts of speech. this may be you…

  38. of how 1 + 1 = 11

    - the combined results are much more than just the addition of the two together.ideas into articles – by now you are probably familiar with the notion that your blog post can be very short. just one thought with a few

  39. looking for that surefire deal that will

    take them out of their working life and into fantasy money land! and a high ticket product or service will be more attractive to be a more rounded “finished” way to do that than having to learn and start from scratch.find

  40. your blog; however there is no denying

    that people love to read about something controversial. generally, you can just write about something that you don’t like, and people will show up and get on their respective soap boxes and tell you exactly how they feel about what you

  41. new blogger interface with the new templates

    had some problems with changes in layout not showing up. also, the service seems to get overloaded at times, with users not being able to access design tools. i am using the simple, rather than the dynamic views templates at the

  42. seo strategies and you just need the

    writing done you could probably go with a less experienced writer. the quality of the text won’t be the highest but for your purposes it could work well. you will have to tweak and correct it but lower quality saves you

  43. Trackback dice:

    Great

    There are thousands of blogs that requires comments on them. What is the intention of blog comments?.

  44. or friend.finding alternative gifts should not be

    difficult if you open your eyes to various possibilities. have a look at personalised and quirky gifts such as a globe drinks cabinet or pocket compass, and see if you can find something unusual for that special occasion. your post workout

  45. rower dice:

    in a convenient fashion. the contrast between

    the beginning of this means of communication and what our level of current access to information is now is vastly different, and you will come to know what developments influenced the growth of journalism throughout time and up until today.as a

  46. are beforehand, the better success they have

    in writing that first paper. there is a pre-writing process that will make it much easier for your children to write their own story. but first, what event should they pick?ideas for a narrative topic – think about:a time of overcoming

  47. sure how to take it to the

    next level and actually begin to write for profit. it’s not as difficult as you might think to go from amateur to professional writer.start by thinking about what type of writing you would want to do if you were writing professionally.

  48. record for other readers, but it also

    can be important for you. if you keep a journal, which is writing for yourself, it can be quite illuminating to pick up your written words many years later, and read them back as a record of what you expressed then.

  49. multimodem dice:

    and then continue the paper just as

    if it were a text. it is for most part unintentional and without conscious thought. does texting lack the depth and attention to detail that our youth need to succeed in the business world?in my opinion texting is fine as long

  50. your own personal knowledge base only making

    you a better writer.make a predictionyou can use this technique to discuss and profile a particular product. you can write about the pros and cons and give a prediction on where on where you think this product is going, it doesn’t

  51. with your post players and find where

    they like to catch the ball. practice post passing with defenders behind the post, side fronting baseline, side fronting high side, and against a defender that tries to front the post. the passing angles will be different for each, but the

  52. marketing newbies. 3. submit it to offline

    publications, like business opportunities magazine. 4. post it on my blog. 5. publish it to my website. 6. submit it to online newsletters targeting marketing newbies. 7. include it in a report about article writing. 7. put it in a report

  53. abut your niche because it requires a

    constant investment of time and energy.traffic is the lifeblood of your blog. if you fail to get visitors to read your blog you won’t sell products or get subscribers. there are 2 major ways to generate traffic to your blog. one

  54. so that it does not break the

    flow. to make things easier you can arrange the points in a manner that you would want to cover them in your post.contentit is the most important feature of any post. it contains all the information you are going to provide

  55. a rich source of information for the

    others.one of the common dilemmas that a writer goes through is known as the “writer’s block”. this is a particular phase in his life when he runs out of new ideas and is unable to produce quality work. the best way

  56. next question is what to write. to

    gain popularity and a good status, you have to write on good, solid things. just writing about random things will not do. this is not making traffic on your blog and traffic is the necessary thing in making money. target a

  57. blog within minutes of deciding you want

    to start blogging. when it comes to setting up a premium blog whereby you pay for your own hosting and own the domain name, wordpress is the winner for the biggest blog site. it is important to consider what each offers

  58. the most tangible benefits across all customer

    and prospect touchpoints; establishing leadership, insight, providing value and fueling a company’s unique brand in ways that more traditional marketing methods can’t (without taking a lot of time and costing a lot of money). why don’t more business…

  59. your post. you tube is a great

    resource for this, but always make sure that you write a short summary about your impressions on the video.cause and effectthis is a fun way to examine the action reaction style of writing, as we all know there is a consequence

  60. from home opportunity. with a great portfolio,

    you will increase your potential to become the next best writer! the internet is flooded with blogs today. but, what is that which accounts for a good blog? any website that is user friendly makes it easier to read and is

  61. the need for punctuation and capitalization. if

    you have a blog, one of the biggest things that you probably struggle with is how to increase your blog traffic. just posting to your blog and hoping people will find you doesn’t work too well. there are many great tactics

  62. use google keyword tool. this free tool

    shows how many times a keyword is searched and the amount of competition that keyword has. this tool shows one thing, it shows exactly how many people you can get to your blog for that particular topc or niche. 97% of

  63. time to do them, are first drafts

    of the introduction, aims and objectives, materials and methods and the final literature review.the literature review that you’ll normally do when you first start is to help you understand the topic you’ll be working on, the final literature review w…

  64. bloggers as a rule do write quite

    a bit! for the most part when publishing a blog post your primary goal is to keep people interested enough to return and provided your content quality is good enough, they will! another important aspect of your blog posting however is

  65. methods. the individual in this case works

    for the company while at the same time they are free to work as much or as little as they would want. it also allows them the flexibility to pursue other interests in their lives. network markets are also known as

  66. title loan dice:

    Auto Pawn By Bob K Cars Inc

    Auto Equity Loans Cash America

  67. Wonderful story …

    Here are a couple of unrelated data, nevertheless seriously really worth taking a your time to visit this website

  68. You should check this out…

    Here are some completely unrelated web-sites to ours, however, just take a moment to visit …

  69. ทำ SEO dice:

    Read was interesting, stay in touch….

    Exceptionally well written!

  70. free skype credit mac

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  71. buying shih tzu puppies philippines

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  72. subway surfers hack 2014

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  73. free skype credits generator 2013 – private.rar

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  74. free skype credit hack 2012

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  75. feature points hack online

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  76. Trackback dice:

    Thank you

    What computer should I buy to run an Adobe CS4 Suite at full speed?

  77. Great websites from the internet…

    Well written! Let me suggest you this interesting websites …

  78. wifi password cracker app

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  79. swagbucks generator no survey no password

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  80. winhki dice:

    winhki

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  81. robocop hack tool

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  82. jabong discount coupon hdfc

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  83. jabong coupons may 2014

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

  84. robocop meme generator

    Fariseos en Sonora y la Semana Santa – La Comenta Palomitera : La Comenta Palomitera

About the Author ()